Measures & Conversions

Metric Measures: Avoirdupois Weight:
1 kilogram (kg) = 1000 grams 16 ounces = 1 pound
1 gram (gm) = 1000 milligrams 7,000 grains = 1 pound
1 milligram (mg) = 1000 micrograms 453.6 grams = 1 pound
1 gram = 1/1000 (.001) kilogram 1 ounce = 437.5 grains
1 milligram = 1/1000 (.001) gram 1 ounce = 28.35 grams
1000 grams = 1 kilogram
1000 milligrams = 1 gram
1000 micrograms = 1 milligram
Household Measures: Conversion Factors:
1 teaspoon (tsp) = 5 cc
= 1.33 fluid dram
= 5 ml
1 gram = 15.4 grains (15.43)
1 grain (gm) = .0648 grams (64.8 mgs)
1 ounce by weight = 31.1 grams
1 Tablespoon (T) = 15 cc
= ½ fluid ounce
= 15 ml
31.1 grams = 1 ounce by weight
1 fluid ounce = 29.57 cc
1 fluid ounce = 480 minims
½ pint (US Pint) = 240 cc
= 8 fluid ounces
= 1 cup
1 Tablespoon = 3 teaspoons
Liquid Measure
1 drop# = 1 minim
1 ml = 1 cc
1 minim = 0.062 cc
16 minims = 1.0 cc
75 minims = 1 teaspoon
4 cc = 1 fluid dram
30 cc = 1 fluid ounce
1 fluid ounce = 2 Tablespoons
= 6 teaspoons
= 8 fluid drams
30 ml = 1 fluid ounce
1 Tablespoon = 15 ml
1 teaspoon = 5 ml
1 fluid ounce = approximately 480 drops#
(1 drop = 1 minum; 480 minums = 1 fluid ounce)
# drops may vary depending on fluid viscosity, temperature, size of dropper opening, and other factors.

Clark’s Rule is a reliable way to calculate a dosage for a child. This formula can also be used for a person who is significantly under or over the typical 150 lb. dosage model: Child’s weight in pounds / 150 pounds = fraction of the adult dosage.

SOURCES:

Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center. www.gfhnrc.ars.usda.gov/News/nws9912a.htm
Online Conversions. www.onlineconversion.com
Medical Economics. PDR for Nutritional Supplements. First Edition, 2001
Melvyn Werbach. Textbook of Nutritional Medicine, Third Line Press, 1999
Richard Maurer. Practitioner's Guide to Plant Based Digestive Enzymes. Original Internist, 2003
United Nations University. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, Volume 15, number 2, www.unu.edu